Title: Christianity And Giving_1
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The act of giving is the free transfer of the possession of something from one source to the other. The first obvious fact in that definition is the voluntary nature that should accompany proper act of giving. Transfer of something from one source to another under involuntary conditions may look like giving but the truth remains that there are more appropriate words which can be used in such situations like extortion, blackmail, coercion, etc. Therefore and in the light of the above conditions that can accompany the act of transfer of possession of something, it becomes necessary to further qualify the act of giving with the adjective, “proper”. This means that the act of giving will not be proper if it was not done voluntarily.
Also made clear in the definition is the transfer of possession. To possess means to have, own or control the activities around something. Therefore, one who gives has transferred the ownership and control of what was giving to the one that it was given to, who in this case if given will be seen as the receiver. Of course, for every situation of giving, there must be the act of receiving and this too must be voluntary as any approach different from that will be an imposition even though the transfer of possession may have taken place. Also of note is that the act of giving may be with the intention of making the transfer temporary or permanent. Whatever, may the manner and intention of giving, what becomes obvious is that the location of what is giving changes also. So in summary, the act of giving if it is to be done properly must be voluntary and will involve the transfer of ownership or control of something from one to another.
The act of giving occurs regularly between nature and man and between human beings for different reasons.
1. It may be because it is natural and essential that each must give for the survival of the other. Such is the situation when plants receive carbon dioxide and give oxygen to nature while human beings give carbon dioxide and take oxygen from nature. Such also applies in symbiotic relationships of some bacteria living in human beings. Death of one exposes the other to greater danger and so they are managed in a give and receive balance that keeps all happy.
2. Giving can also be carried out as a sign of responsibility. A parent is expected to give attention and care to offspring as much as possible as not doing so will be seen as an act of irresponsibility, especially if such a parent is in a position to do so.
3. Giving can also be done as a service with the expectation of a reward like the case in a client-customer relationship. Here some kind of remuneration is expected, probably as agreed for services rendered.
4. There is also the act of giving that is carried out on compassionate grounds. In this instance, the giver considers the receiver to be in a disadvantaged position that requires some kind of support which he/she as a giver is in a position to voluntarily provide. In this case, the receiver hardly has any thing to provide as compensation for the favour received, at least at that point in time but the giver still gives on humanitarian grounds
Whatever is the reason for giving, the general effect is the actual voluntary transfer of ownership and control of what is being given to another.
Worthy of note also is the fact that what is being given may not necessarily belong to the one who is giving but the one giving must be in a position to give. Situations like this will include things that were held in trust being returned to the real owner in a give and receive process. The giving process will be seen more from the perspective of returning something to the owner. However, for the period when it was with the one holding it in trust, such had control and ownership of the item in reference. Simply put, no one can give what he or she does not have. The baseline condition of giving is having.
One with an illegal possession of something may give it but the act of giving will bear a huge question mark because whereas, the one that has received should have possession and claim ownership, that would be a false belief as that thought remains valid for as long as the real owner does not come around to re-claim the given item, and that point, the one who receive will have no basis to refuse such requests when made.
In summary, the act of giving entails the following:
1. Proper act of giving must be a voluntary act.
2. Giving must involve the ceding of the ownership or control 9f something to another.
3. The act of giving can be;
a. One done with mutual benefit to all parties.
b. May be required as an act of responsibility.
c. May be done in a client-customer relationship, that is as a service.
d. May be done on humanitarian grounds.
4. One has to have to give as no one can give what he or she does not possess.
5. For the act of giving to be meaningful, it must be carried out by one who is in the legal position to give.
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